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Special Populations

Women and depression

  • is twice as common among women as it is among men. Women may be at particularly high risk for developing depression during or after pregnancy.
  • Approximately 10-15% of women experience post-partum depression. These symptoms can persist for several weeks after partum, and can interfere with childcare and preparedness for return to work.
  • Women are more as likely to be called on for caregiving of ailing parents or partners, children, or other adult family members. Caregiving, particularly for a person with a chronic illness such as dementia, is a source of significant stress and can increase the risk of emotional distress and depression.

Older workers and depression

  • is less common among those over the age of 65 relative to middle-aged adults. However, depression is more common among those with a physical health problem such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer, which are more common among older adults.
  • Older workers may not be as resilient as younger adults at coping with workplace stressors
  • Involuntary job loss in later life – whether through unemployment or forced retirement – in later life is associated with increased risk of depression